Deconstructing Freedom

Deconstructing Freedom

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Jannat Wazir

Freedom of Innocence

As for Longing in the walk of freedom, many have asked many questions “what is the concrete definition of freedom? What is it completely in essence? are there any possibilities to enjoy absolute freedom or what lies beyond the freedom? what freedom do we require to escape from the enormous confusion of life.? thus, after sufficient torture of the mind, I experienced a deep mental resonance. The mysterious fear of the latter questions turns my nose up. So to discover whether freedom exists or not, I decided to excavate the hidden treasury about freedom.

I read the famous work of “OSHO”(love, freedom, and aloneness), (“inner engineering“) of Sadhguru, a psychological discovery of J. Krishna Murti (freedom from the known), (the mystic of wine) spiritual poetry of Omar Khayyam, the Hegelian concept of the philosophy of right and one of the famous Pushto poet Khan Abdul Ghani Khan (لیوانٸ فلسفی) i:e (Mad philosopher) and many others.

Determinacy literally means to find the exactness of something or the state of being determined or necessitated, for instance, if there are two persons A and B, A says to B to sing a song for me otherwise I will not let you go. B has been conditioned with singing a song to let him go. B after getting the order backed by threats, start singing. Here the will of B has been determined by A.

After examining carefully all these books I could hardly reach the unconfined depth of freedom and its meaning. but before we dive into the shimmering of this boundless ocean it is obligatory to know the important principles of what is called determinacy and its two types.

Determinacy literally means to find the exactness of something or the state of being determined or necessitated, for instance, if there are two persons A and B, A says to B to sing a song for me otherwise I will not let you go. B has been conditioned with singing a song to let him go. B after getting the order backed by threats, start singing. Here the will of B has been determined by A. As for as it is necessary to know determinacy we need to understand the two major types of determinacy.

The greediness of desires brings an inner inconstancy and temporality which are pushing your brain to the notion of perfectionism as every individual wants to be an absolute entity. This is why the world has been shaped with multi-choices so that man can be tested in earthly pleasure.

  1. Pure Indeterminacy

If an individual purely decides and externalizes his concrete ideas (actions) undetermined by materialized externality then such determinacy is known as pure indeterminacy or we may say it negative freedom. pure indeterminacy is particularity where a person goes to individuality from the diverse phenomena of external universality.

2. Pure determinacy

The concept of pure determinacy was inherent to the writings of G.W. Hegel. it refers to the fact when an individual wholly determines and orders his inward desires and pleasures by the actions in the external world. Hence, pure determinacy turn back your individuality toward universality where what an individual need would be politicized by the actions in his surrounding.

But is not it appears more ugly to be completely indeterminate as every individual has the sensory motors each one of them has the catching power and patrolling your surrounding and actions. Yes, it is impossible to be purely indeterminate. So where is the freedom then, If a minor action can determinate and order my feelings, emotions, and desires? the will of an individual is again determined by objectivity.

So the concept of “freedom of choice” is divinely bestowed upon man to enjoy his earthly existence and thus, it has nothing to do with the liberal ideology of modernity.

Can Freedom be determined?

The word “freedom” has been misapprehending, misunderstood, and misused by society for the cause of self-service, mutual satisfaction, and to reinstate the moral order. So in order to try to understand the whole structure of freedom we have to categorize it into two types: freedom of choice and absolute freedom.

First, the world has been shaped inconstant and diverse. All the living things have been gifted with brain except MAN who has not been only awarded brain but also with the power of reasoning and logicality. The greediness of desires brings an inner inconstancy and temporality which are pushing your brain to the notion of perfectionism as every individual wants to be an absolute entity. This is why the world has been shaped with multi-choices so that man can be tested in earthly pleasure. Therefore, every human has been bestowed and granted with the aroma of choices in hand.

So the concept of “freedom of choice” is divinely bestowed upon man to enjoy his earthly existence and thus, it has nothing to do with the liberal ideology of modernity. For instance, an individual has the choice whether to sleep on the simple bed, fold bed, cot, bunk, and trundle,  an individual has the choice of whether to read a script or bible, an individual has the choice to wear a shirt and jeans or Jellaba, etc. such freedom of an individual is called “freedom of choice”.

 On the contrary, absolute freedom lead to the constancy of earthly existence which is not achievable. Freedom, where an individual did not let his/her inner state, be determined by money, age, sex, political Ideology, societal norms, traditions, beliefs, conventions, and external chaos. There human goes to the state of sole individualization which is impossible. Hence absolute freedom cannot be exercised.

In the latter context, it can be said that the liberal mantra of absolute freedom in the form of transhumanism or robotization of humanity is a farce. Moreover, if we take into account the essence of Freedom then it has nothing to western modernity. Freedom has always been inherent to human nature. so if reasons, actions, externality, and outward materiality shapes our inner state then how do we claim that we are free at all.


Jannat Wazir is a student of Law at the Quaid-e-Azam University with a keen interest in philosophy and history.


The views expressed in the article are the author’s own and does reflect the editorial policy of the Radical Outlook

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The Radical Outlook

The Radical Outlook is an online news web Portal designed for in-depth news analysis from the Eurasian region and beyond. It is Founded by a geopolitical analyst Shahzada Rahim.
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