Deconstructing Debates on History

Deconstructing Debates on History

5 0
Read Time:2 Minute, 52 Second

Overview of the Book “Beyond Civilization and History” written by Eurasianist commentator and political analyst Shahzada Rahim

Beyond Civilization and History

22/12/2021

Overview

The title of the book was chosen due to inspiration from Nietzsche’s famous book ‘Beyond good and Evil’, which has marked an unprecedented turning point in the history of philosophy. Hence, the book titled ‘Beyond Civilization and History’ is intended to outline the politico-historical debate, since the dawn of the 20th century. The discussion in the book will cover pre-modern, modern, and post-modern discourse of the history of civilizations. The debate mainly focuses on the modernist and post-modernist historical context especially surrounding the writings of Oswald Spengler, Norman Angell, Arnold J. Toynbee, and Alexander Dugin.

The discussion will begin with modernist historical literature based on Arnold J. Toynbee’s ‘Study of History (I-XII Volumes)’ by vying the interplay of various parallels such as growth, rise, decline, decay, disintegration, breakdown, and fall of civilizations. Then, the discussion will be moderated by anti-modern historical literature based on Oswald Spengler’s ‘Decline of the West’ by vying the interplay of countering parallels such as ‘Culture as the sign of growth’ and ‘civilization as the symbol of decline’. Furthermore, the discussion in the book will be interlaced by the technical historical literature based on Norman Angell’s ‘Europe’s Optical Illusions’ by taking into account the impact of industrialism and finance on history. Finally, the discussion will be shifted to post-modern historical discourse developed by Alexander Dugin through Heideggerian phenomenology by vying the role of political theology and radical politics in the study of history and civilizations.

On the contrary, in the philological context, history is chaos, civilization is a dystopia, culture is contamination and philosophy is the process of re-discovering the ontological tenets of the meta-phenomenon. With the dawn of the twentieth century, the degeneration of the glorious west was speculated by Oswald Spengler, who asserted that western society has reached its peak. After the two Great Wars, famous British Historian Arnold J. Toynbee, who designated the transformative phase of western society by indicating the rapid socio-political developments of post-war Europe, reiterated this debate. With this dialectical confrontation between declinists like Spengler and pragmatists like Toynbee, the debate surrounding history and civilization became polarized for decades to come. This book explores the new philosophical study of modernist and postmodernist perspectives on History.

Contents

List of Tables and Figures   v

Acknowledgement   vii

Preface   viii

1. The essence of the philosophy of History   1

2. The breakdown of the civilizations   25

Nature  35

3. The Universal Prejudice against Civilization   40

1.     Physical environment: the Curse  43

2.     Human Environment: The living apocalypse  48

4. Russia and the Great European Civilization: 62

5. Industrial Age and rise of new social forces   73

1.     Industrial revolution and Capitalism   83

2.     Democracy and Education  84

6. The quest for Futurism    93

7. The onslaught of Modernity on Civilization    103

1.     The Antagonism   111

8. Great trial: Toynbee, Spengler, and Dugin    115

Notes   167


Author

Shahzada Rahim is a Geopolitical analyst and International Relations, Expert.


About Post Author

The Radical Outlook

The Radical Outlook is an online news web Portal designed for in-depth news analysis from the Eurasian region and beyond. It is Founded by a geopolitical analyst Shahzada Rahim.
Happy
Happy
0 %
Sad
Sad
0 %
Excited
Excited
100 %
Sleepy
Sleepy
0 %
Angry
Angry
0 %
Surprise
Surprise
0 %

Average Rating

5 Star
0%
4 Star
0%
3 Star
0%
2 Star
0%
1 Star
0%

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Optimized with PageSpeed Ninja