DOSTOEVSKY’S PROPHECY

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Alexander Afanasyev

Dostoevsky art Gallary, Moskova

Literary classics differ from ordinary everyday writers in that they create works of art not for their own pleasure, but for the embodiment of deep thoughts, which often do not coincide with the dominant ideology, and sometimes come into sharp contradiction with it. A novel, a story, a story serve the classics in this case only as a generally accepted literary form, which makes it possible to camouflage specific ideas and even “seditious” thoughts in images. All the more, individual inclusions in the canvas of a literary work of certain autonomous images that have independent semantic meaning deserve special attention.

One of such very important inclusions in the novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky “The Brothers Karamazov” is the image of the Grand Inquisitor. I am not afraid to compare this image with the Bhagavad Gita, inserted by Indian sages into the text of the Mahabharata and which acquired an even more significant independent life in comparison with the general text. It seems that the ideas of the Grand Inquisitor will also live a long time and attract the attention of not only writers and ordinary readers, but also serious philosophers and religious mystics.

The legend of the Grand Inquisitor was told in the tavern to his younger brother Alexei by his half “middle” brother Ivan. He called this legend, allegedly composed by himself, a “poem”, although there is nothing poetic in it either in form or in content. In essence, this is a mystical-philosophical treatise, set forth by Dostoevsky in the form of Ivan’s conversation with the aim of testing the strength of brother Alexei’s faith in God.

According to Ivan, this story allegedly happened in the 16th century in Spain, in the city of Seville, during the most terrible time of the Inquisition.

It was at this moment that the thought came to Jesus Christ to descend to earth in human form in order to encourage people who believe in him. People, indeed, perked up, but the Grand Inquisitor intervened in the matter. He ordered the arrest of Christ, and not only Jesus, but all the believers obeyed him. Christ was arrested, declared a heretic and sentenced to death. The verdict was to be carried out the next morning. At night, the inquisitor had a conversation with Christ. Rather, the inquisitor condescended to explain to Christ the reasons and reasons for the death sentence.

Speaking on behalf of the Great Spirit, in which the unnamed Devil was clearly guessed, the Grand Inquisitor accused Christ on three counts. The first “crime” of Christ was the granting of freedom to people. For, according to the inquisitor, nothing has ever been “more unbearable than freedom” for man and for human society. The second mistake of Christ was called his unwillingness to enslave man by a miracle. Insisting on a sincere faith in God and his Son, coming from the soul, Christ allegedly made the task of mere mortals too difficult, for whom faith in miracles was enough. The third torment of people, into which Christ allegedly plunged them, was the need for common unity. Having buried this passion in the souls of people, Jesus, on the charge of the inquisitor, approved only the brotherhood of the elect, and made the rest of the people unhappy.

As the supreme guardian of the Christian faith, the inquisitor confessed that he did not seek the love of Christ, because he himself “did not love” Him.

“We, – said the 90-year old man on behalf of the inquisitors, – not with you, but with him, this is our secret! We have been with him for a long time, already eight centuries … We took from him that which You rejected with indignation. ” That is, caring for the name of Christ and making innumerable sacrifices in the name of the Christian faith, the inquisitors did not believe in Christ, despised Him and the faith he personified, and for eight centuries secretly served the devil, “correcting the mistakes” of Christ.

However, the elder-inquisitor confessed further, the monastic cassock now weighs on the highest hierarchs of the Inquisition. They see themselves in perspective as “Caesars”, the kings of the earth, the one kings, before whom all people on earth will bow down, to whom they will entrust their conscience and around whom they will unite, forming a “common anthill.” “We will convince them,” the inquisitor announced with undisguised cynicism, “that they will only become free when they renounce freedom and submit to us.” And further: “We will make them work, but in the hours free from work we will arrange life for them as a child’s game.” “We will allow them to sin too.” “We will resolve everything.” “And everyone will be happy.”

Having finished the explanation of the guilty verdict, the elder inquisitor fell silent, giving Jesus the opportunity to say the last word – a word of justification, indignation or recrimination. However, Christ who was silent all this time, without saying a word, approached the elder and kissed him on the dead lips. The old man trembled and, opening the door, said to Him: “Go and do not come again … do not come at all … never, never!” Thus, by the will of the “writer” – Ivan, Christ remained alive, gained freedom, and most importantly, the last word remained with Him. It can be assumed that this word will be crushing for the devil-worshiping old man and for the entire treacherous, apostate Inquisition.

In Dostoevsky’s novel, a rebuke to Ivan who does not believe in God is given by his younger brother, a sincere and deeply religious Alexei. He draws Ivan’s attention to the fact that, wanting to denigrate Christ, he actually gave Jesus praise; that Christianity in the world is represented not only by Catholicism, but also by Orthodoxy; that in Catholicism there is also a mass of believers; that only those who crave power, earthly goods and enslavement of people adhere to the inquisitorial line.

Speaking of the Inquisition as a kind of secret society, Alexei expresses doubt about its power, for the only secret of these people, in his opinion, is godlessness, in which he sees more weakness than strength.

Ivan admits that the “poem” is just a figment of his imagination, “fantasy”. Nevertheless, he insists that the elder inquisitor could well have been a morally perfect person, disillusioned with the unrighteous world order and joined “smart people.” In response to the accusation of disbelief in God, Ivan declares that he will not renounce the godless formula “everything is allowed”. This is the result of the brothers’ dispute about faith in God and the Christian religion. Ivan and Alexey remain with their convictions. Thus, Dostoevsky postpones the elucidation of the correctness of each of them for the future. He himself seems to split in two: he likes Alexey, but in Ivan’s judgments he is also confused by the bitter truth about the unforgivability of the tears and sufferings of an innocent child.

There is no doubt that the legend of the Grand Inquisitor is the fruit of Fyodor Dostoevsky’s painful reflections on the origins and causes of the blatant contradictions between faith in a good and just God and an unkind and unjust reality that undermines this faith. However, at the time of Dostoevsky, the Orthodox faith of the Russian people was still so strong that all injustices could be attributed exclusively to the intrigues of heretics-atheists, and peace in the souls of people hoped to restore a simple reminder of the duty and symbols of faith of a true Christian.

This is not enough these days. And the faith of modern Christians has become much weaker, and so many injustices have accumulated in the world that they cannot be overcome by faith alone. A great Christian Cause is required – the affirmation of divine truth and justice on earth. And here, at the very junction of the Christian Faith with the Christian Cause, good shepherds, not only in Europe, but also in our country, were gradually ousted by crafty “inquisitors.” Only temples and an ambo (Word!) Became the destiny of pastors, and the inquisitors usurped the thrones (Power!) And took possession of the court (Business!), In fact replacing God with the devil.

It is no coincidence that Dostoevsky mentions the 16th century and the city of Seville in concrete terms. Although a special ecclesiastical court of the Catholic Church called the “Inquisition” was created by Pope Innocent III in 1215, the peak of the punitive power and secular influence of this religious organization came precisely at the beginning of the 16th century and precisely in Spain.

Its tribunal was presided over by Thomas Torquemada (1420-1498), author of the famous code of the Inquisition. The code was adopted in October 1484 in the city of Seville at a general convention of members of the Spanish tribunals with the participation of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand.

The code consisted of 28 articles detailing the procedure for the work of the tribunals, as well as the goals and methods of the Inquisition. Persons suspected of heresy were the targets of the tribunals’ court. At the same time, the emphasis was on voluntarily reporting them on themselves within a month from the beginning of the work of the visiting tribunal. Only in this case was the confiscation of property excluded and a fine was imposed on the perpetrator instead. But the confession of guilt had to be “sincere”, that is, accompanied not only by repentance, but also by a report about the accomplices and other apostates that the accused knew about. Denunciations were encouraged, torture was used, and the practice of imprisoning the recalcitrant in the secret prisons of the Inquisition.

It was also noteworthy that the final article of the code – consideration, discussion and, accordingly, the solution of issues not provided for by the previous articles, was left to the “wisdom” of the inquisitors themselves. That is, their arbitrariness was fully admitted, justified by the interests of the purity of the Christian faith. At its core, the Inquisition was a secret court for heretics. The decisions of the Inquisition were final and not subject to revision. Those who pleaded not guilty were excommunicated from the Church and handed over to the secular authorities for making a decision on burning. The tribunal’s decision could only be appealed to the Vatican.

Along with concern for the purity of the faith, material interest was also very significant in the activities of the Inquisition. Toughly suppressing corruption among ordinary performers, Torquemada showed increased attention to replenishing the finances of the Inquisition and the papal throne.

All fines and confiscated property of heretics were at the disposal of the Suprema (the supreme body of the Inquisition). A third of them went to the state treasury, and the remaining two-thirds were the budget of the Inquisition.

The institution of the Inquisition took its deepest roots in Spain, Portugal and Italy, where Catholicism was a mass phenomenon. Of the Slavic states, the Inquisition existed only in Poland. In the 18th century, under the pressure of educational ideas, this institution fell into decay. Nevertheless, the Inquisition in Spain was officially abolished only in 1834. The “advanced” European states, proud of their Christian civilization, tried to erase the terrible pages of the Inquisitional terror from their historical memory. And with all the more partiality they now paint in gloomy tones the era of Ivan the Terrible and the Stalinist repressions, which are far from the degree of savagery of the Inquisition and the scale of the extermination of people that lasted for centuries.

Serious analysts of our day have drawn attention to the fact that many fateful phenomena in world history, while outwardly transforming, retain their essence, if not forever, then for a very long time. Such a long-lasting phenomenon, I consider the European-Western inquisitionism. And it’s not just the essential flaws of Catholicism. No less arrogance and intolerance towards the “unclean” was contained in European Protestantism. Was it not European pride and concern for the “purity” of the European race, brought to a religious level, that pushed Hitler to genocide not only Jews, but all the “subhumans” of the world ?! And wasn’t the ruthless “inquisitorial” approach to solving world problems pushed the fascists to exterminate millions of people, including innocent old people, women and children ?!

With Hitler, the Nazis and their henchmen, thank God, it was physically done away with 76 years ago.

But has the inquisitionism of the West disappeared in relation to the dissent and disbelief of the peoples of the rest of the world? Not at all. Not only did it not go anywhere, but, under other slogans and a different credo, this notorious and merciless Inquisitionism-Europeanism has gained unprecedented strength and, trampling on Christian values ​​and human common sense, again strives for world domination. And again on human corpses !!!

Here are some interesting facts. In May 2009, Western billionaires met behind closed doors in Manhattan. This secret meeting was sponsored by Bill Gates. The participants called themselves “The Good Club”. (The Spanish Inquisition, apparently, also considered itself as such!). Discussing the problems of the swine flu pandemic, billionaires raised the topic of “overpopulation” of the globe. It is known that Bill Gates is very concerned about this problem and advocates “reducing” the world’s population by 10-15%. In physical terms, this means a reduction in the world’s population by an order of magnitude from 680 million to 1.2 billion people!

The official summit of foreign ministers of the G7 member states, which took place on May 3-5, 2021 in London, served as a kind of response to the meeting of this secret “club”. The ministers also discussed the problem of the pandemic, but this time KV-19. Considering the ways to solve it, they strangely came to the conclusion that China and Russia, called the “main violators” of world norms and foundations, are to blame. The handwriting is the same as it was five centuries ago: a narrow circle of very rich and influential people secretly pass a verdict, and official international bodies make unfounded practical decisions that reveal not only arbitrariness, but also clear signs of discrimination.

Discussing the dreams and grandiose plans of the elder-inquisitor, who saw his future successors as “Caesars”, kings of the earth, tsars of one kind, Dostoevsky left in the shadows their attitude to Christ and Christianity. The Russian philosopher Vladimir Solovyov took upon himself the task of bringing these “tsars” out of the ideological shadow, with whom Dostoevsky visited Optina Pustyn in 1878. In The Brief Story of the Antichrist (1899), Solovyov gave the image of a spiritualist-superman with a very peculiar faith in goodness, God and the Messiah. Believing in goodness, this “coming man” bowed before the evil power. Being an absolute egoist, he preferred himself to God. He considered Christ to be his “dead” forerunner, and himself – the eternally living “second” after God.

Do not the current “rulers of the world” consider themselves such, who buried not only Jesus Christ, but also God himself? Having renounced royal honors and secretly deciding the fate of the world, they, nevertheless, passionately yearn for admiration of all people on earth, they are unshakably convinced that it is to them that people should entrust their conscience, and, sparing no effort and means, they achieve that so that it is around them that all mankind unites, forming a “common anthill”.

And isn’t their protégé “Elder” Biden, who, in the name of universal peace and tolerant humanism, sows discord on earth, dividing the world into “us” and “aliens” and threatening the “alien” with all earthly and heavenly punishments.

Russia is inconvenient for the Western “rulers of the world” and “elder” Biden because it does not kneel before them, does not entrust them with its conscience and does not want to join their “anthill”. Moreover, she dares to doubt their right to rule the world, and also refuses to recognize the unshakable strength of that golden pedestal on which they seek to build their Novovalilonian kingdom. But the fact that Russia is the territory of popular common sense and the stronghold of Russian Orthodoxy is even more hateful to the Western underground rulers. Russia honors Christ, keeps the Christian faith sacred, and the living Jesus appears in our country every time in its greatest trials, in order to revive our Fatherland again and again and save our people from the intrigues of enemies.

Yes, inside Russia itself, its worst and very influential enemies have dug deeply into Russia, who are just waiting for the X-hour to hand over the keys to its gates to our external enemies. The “club” of our dollar billionaires, who robbed their people and withdraw their huge capital to Western banks, fancies themselves a branch of the Manhatton “Good Club”. It’s funny and naive. For the Rockefeller and Rothschild clans and modern Billgate, our nouveau riche seem to be nothing more than a bunch of pickpockets, which the “deep state” uses in its own interests, but at any moment can make them poor by confiscating their “dubious” capital overnight.

Yes, it is difficult for us now. Perhaps harder than ever. But isn’t it because our external and internal enemies are so up in arms against us, because Russia is alive, that it is getting on its feet, that it retains its steadfast spirit, strengthens its territory, statehood and faith in God. And as long as all this remains with us, God will not leave us in trouble and will give us victory.

No “inquisitors” will be able to defeat us precisely because they build their earthly kingdom on lies and are afraid of our truth like fire. But lies are transient, and the truth is eternal!

A source

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