The International Eurasian Movement organized a conference on counter-Hegemony

The International Eurasian Movement organized a conference on counter-Hegemony

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By The Radical Outlook

Manipulation by the Right and the Left, or what political results are inevitable

On November 18, an online conference on counter-hegemony was held. The organizer was the “International Eurasian Movement”, which invited many interesting speakers.

Alexander Dugin from Russia gave a presentation on counter-hegemony in an international context, where he agreed with the logical explanation of events and believed that Gramsci was more right than the Soviet Marxists. The professor also argues that there is a very interesting task within Granchianism, which is to develop the concept of hegemony. However, what is important, at present, is neither left nor right Gramscianism is enough because they have lost their business due to the geopolitical basis. In conclusion, the current hegemony uses and manipulates both the right and the left to oppose each other.

Leonid Savin from Russia gave a presentation on hegemony in the light of various theories, where he talks about several scholars who distinguish different types of hegemony in different ways. The first (Heinrich Tripel) believes that hegemony is a form of power created between simple influence and domination. Types of hegemony: endogenous and heterogeneous, where the second is always complex. In addition, there is selfish and altruistic hegemony. In egoistic hegemony, egocentric motives dominate, while in altruistic everything is balanced. Another scholar (William Robertson) believes that there are different types of hegemony that have influenced the global capitalist system throughout the past. This includes international domination, state hegemony, consensus domination, and so on … State, combining all types of hegemony, can become undeniable hegemony. There are also many other points of view about the differences.

Spyros Marketos from Greece gave a presentation on New Right or New Left responses to the Failure of Liberalism. He provides an analysis that links Europe’s growing counter-hegemony to the 2020 situation. Due to the pandemic crisis, international tensions are intensifying, leading to the growth of internal and external systems. This affects the current political projects, which are developed mainly in conservative and liberal directions. The speaker believes that the right has no projects to combat hegemony, and they do not seek to create it, compared to the left. However, the general picture is that the right-wing formations today support rights and freedoms more than the left. Fortunately, the pandemic is giving the left and the right a new chance. Events during the pandemic prove that many liberal policies have been put aside. The last question in his speech: this is the difference between the left and the right. Many people believe that it does not exist, but according to the speaker, this is not a serious approach. They have different values ​​and different priorities.

Marco Gisetti from Italy gave a presentation on the island and the continent: a neoclassical approach to counter-hegemony. He argues that the neoclassical approach to classical geopolitics, that is, how the classical order of modern geopolitics understands the struggle for power, and because the way they understand it allows us to understand the modern conditions in which the struggle for counter-hegemony develops. Geopolitics is, first of all, a discipline that studies the influence of the geographical factor on the political factor. It is very important that he studies how the political factor interprets the space in which he is located. This is why the way a person understands his environment is how it influences his actions. The neoclassical approach to fighting hegemony is helpful,

André-Hans von Bremen from Belgium made a presentation on the Northern Land trilogy. His project concerns Northern Europe, it is based on local history and local culture. The Northern Land trilogy is a path to the reconquest of Hanseatic Northern Europe from Bruges to Novgorod. Influenced by the success of Soka Gaaki’s Japanese trilogy, AHvB has created a holistic pan-nordic ideology of the Nordlandia trilogy, incorporating historical roots with a pro-Hanseatic revival concept, an economic vision with the Rhineland and Mondragon model, a culture with a solar tradition from the Gotland workshop. The Rhine model was created by the French in 1991 after the collapse of communism. Albert Michel promoted constructive capitalism with a long-term vision and a real social dimension, and his reasoning, including the model, is fully supported by the speaker.

Evgeny Balakin from Russia made a presentation on the Bonfire of the Mind. The speaker argues that the rationale is above the intellectual. Speaking about counter-hegemony, Evgeny Barakin mentions the obligatory nature of culture. He explains that Gramsci distinguishes two types of intellectuals: organic and traditional. The difference between organic and traditional intellectuals is that organic is progressive, which uses modern imagery and concepts, while traditional adheres to the old and traditional system. When Gramsci writes about the traditional intellectual, he understands him as a reactionary intellectual. This is why the speaker wants to create a different type of intellectual who is a traditionalist intellectual. This type acts as a hegemony attacker.

Selil Aktash from Turkey made a presentation on the revival of the Land Powers. He explains that land powers are powers that rely on abandoned land sources. Whereas maritime powers tend to be countries that do not have deserted sources on their land. For them, the land is as limited as resources. Five values ​​were established in a changing world were India, China, and much of Eurasia were at the core of the global economy to change the above problem. Each had its own land to live in and its own values, which include policy coordination, infrastructure connectivity, seamless trade, financial inclusion, and bringing people together. These are the goals of the initiative. Especially with financial integration, more independent regions will overcome the global economy in the future.

Andrey Zvorykin from Russia made a presentation on Ernst Jünger’s archetypes as manifestations of the Figures of the Intellectuals of Gramsci. He says that the main concepts of Jünger’s philosophy are archetypes, some of which may be associated with the intellectuals of Gramsci. For example, in the world of workers, every member of society becomes a server of technology, in this, it is easy to see the concept of Gramsci’s Hegemony. However, in the world of workers, the intellectual did not become an intellectual, but a person. According to Jünger, each era has its own gestalt. One of which is the shift from the workforce to the use of technology. Thus, the figure of the anarch based on collective identities is very close to the figure of radical subjects and the figure of traditionalists. In conclusion, the speaker states,

Goran Sumkoski from Macedonia gave a presentation on what will replace the failed neoliberal hegemony after his fruitless search for alternative sources of legitimacy. The speaker argues that global hegemony has failed, it has lost its legitimacy. All hegemony in the past has been imposed, and this time, too, it is imposed by the self-proclaimed values ​​of the defeated neoliberal hegemony. This includes personal freedom, economic well-being, democracy, and elections. Because of all three self-proclaimed principles, hegemony was defeated on its own. From the point of view of theories of international relations, the world is approaching global hegemony. The speaker also states that he agrees that it is necessary to distinguish between left and right, however, this is a classic movement, in the modern world there is not much politics for the government.

Tobias Pfennig from Germany gave a presentation on the broader agenda for 2030. He argues that the ruling class creates a common-sense ideology to justify the social, political, and economic status quo as natural, inevitable, and beneficial to all. He manipulates the culture of this society in such a way that the worldview of the ruling class becomes the worldview that is accepted by the cultural norm. This can be achieved through the control over wealth, politics, and the media that the ruling class has. Eventually liberalization, globalism, capitalism will become interchangeable and will no longer be perceived as hostile by the working class. They accept a status quo that has always existed and will continue to exist forever. The speaker believes that the world is currently undergoing a transition to a new hegemony due to the coronavirus. Thus, new world order will be established by 2030.

Jorge Chapelan from Nicaragua made a presentation on Counter-Hegemony / Multipolarity as seen by peoples without history. The speaker believes that counter-hegemony and hegemony are two sides of the same power and that the world needs to find a way to develop and leave poverty behind. The debate about the roots of socialism in Latin America is very old, well over 100 years old. However, the confusion surrounding the leftist movement is enormous today, mainly because the world is on the brink of a crisis of civilization that affects all countries. From a third world perspective: if the periphery wants to replace a globalist empire, they need to agree on a number of issues and priorities, respecting sovereignty and identity.

Bobina Angelkovic from Serbia made a presentation on counter-hegemony as an Intermediate Stage on the path to the domination of Multipolarity. The speaker quotes that “a soldier without political or ideological training is a potential criminal,” and that is why today people are witnessing the absence of sound ideas and political concepts in the political West, and they affect the whole world. What they represent as an ideology is self-imposed axiomatic political and ideological exclusivity, which is not based on good roots or something stable. Thus, the line between the soldier and the criminal has been crossed. The collective now speaks openly with a lack of common sense, without clearly defined ideas, and without a political position. One of the most important thoughts of counter-hegemony should be the preservation or return of the sovereignty of nation-states, which was taken away from them due to globalism. The return of sovereignty can only be possible with very broad public consent.

The event turned out to be instructive and intriguing. Each topic was presented from a unique perspective, generating interest in the other works of each of the participants. In general, the conference forms a better understanding of hegemony, the political processes associated with it, and how they have been affected by the coronavirus.


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The Radical Outlook

The Radical Outlook is an online news web Portal designed for in-depth news analysis from the Eurasian region and beyond. It is Founded by a geopolitical analyst Shahzada Rahim.
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